Healthy Lifestyle

Appendicitis: Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Appendicitis: Causes Symptoms and Treatment


Where Is Appendicitis Located in the Body?

Appendicitis is a small, thin pouch that is about 9cm long.  It is located on the lower right side of the trunk.  This sac has a blind outlet and its entrance is connected to the large intestine, which is part of the digestive system.   The size of the pouch can vary between 9 cm and 35 cm.  It is larger in children and partially closes from a young age and becomes shorter in adults.

What is Appendicitis?

Although the function of the appendix is not yet known, research in recent years shows that this pouch functions as a shelter used by the beneficial digestive flora during disease periods. However, to date, there is no evidence that the removal of the appendix causes direct harm to the body.  The disease is the name given to an infection of the appendix.

What Does Appendicitis Do?

Although it is not yet clear what the appendix does in the body, it is thought to be an organ related to the immune system.


What Causes Appendicitis?

It’s not always clear what causes appendicitis. In many cases, the entrance to the appendix is thought to be caused by the body’s own production or blockage by foreign substances.

For example, entry by feces may be blocked, or during an existing upper respiratory tract infection, the lymph node in the intestinal wall may swell, causing the appendix entrance to be blocked by compression.

This blockage can cause inflammation and swelling, namely appendicitis.

How to Prevent Appendicitis?

Because the causes of diseases are numerous and not always fully understood, there is no way to prevent this from happening.

Diseases That Cause Similar Complaints With Appendicitis.

Appendicitis can cause similar complaints to the diseases listed below:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Constipation
  • Bladder or urine infections
  • A pelvic infection
  • Severe irritable bowel syndrome (Restless Bowel Syndrome) (IBS)

Symptoms that are similar to the symptoms of appendicitis in women can sometimes have a gynecological cause such as menstrual pain, ectopic pregnancy, or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

The appendix may extend to a different part of the body in some people. These points may be different areas such as around the small intestine, the back of the large intestine, near the right lower part of the liver, or around the pelvis.

Among these, to look for signs of infection; Blood test, pregnancy test for women, a urine test to rule out a bladder infection, an ultrasound scan to observe the swelling of the appendix, and a CT scan.

Appendicitis Symptoms

Appendicitis typically begins with pain in the right middle part of the abdomen that goes back and forth.  Within a few hours, the pain stabilizes and worsens where the appendicitis is usually located.

Applying pressure to the area, pressing, coughing, or walking can make the pain worse.  Appendicitis causes a loss of appetite, makes you feel generally sick and can lead to constipation or diarrhea.  The cause of this pain is usually due to the blockage of the appendicitis entrance for some reason, the pressure exerted by the bacteria inside and proliferating on the walls of the sac.

General symptoms of the appendix;

  • Sudden pain in the right side of the lower abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Abdominal bloating

If there is gradually worsening abdominal pain in the lower right abdomen, an emergency room or doctor should be consulted.


In the case of appendicitis, the first and most common intervention will be the removal of the pouch from the body. One of the laparoscopic or open surgical methods can be used to remove the appendix. 

If you are having problems with your health, you should go to the doctor or call 911. If you want to know more about these, you should follow U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

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