Healthy Lifestyle

Chlamydia; Symptoms,Treatment, Methods

Chlamydia; Symptoms,Treatment, Methods

Chlamydia

General Description

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection in the reproductive system and is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It affects both sexes and can be seen at all ages. The early symptoms of the disease are very mild. However, if not treated, it can cause serious health problems, especially in women. It can lead to premature birth and create serious risks for the baby in case of pregnancy. The most effective way to prevent chlamydia is to use appropriate contraception methods during sexual intercourse.

Symptoms

Chlamydia symptoms appear in 1 to 3 weeks. The disease is mild at first, so the person may not know that they are sick. When the complaints are evident, they can be confused with other diseases. Therefore, all people who have unprotected and risky sexual intercourse should be aware of sexually transmitted infections. It is important to consult a doctor as soon as symptoms appear.

The Symptoms Seen in Women Are:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning and pain when urinating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding outside the menstrual period
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain or discharge in the rectum area

Symptoms that can be seen in men

  • Discharge in the penis
  • Burning and pain when urinating
  • Ache in the testicles
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • ache or discharge in the rectum area
  • It can also cause eye diseases called chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma as a result of eye contact with the bacteria.

Diagnostic Methods

The diagnosis of chlamydia can be made by urine test and by examining samples taken from the urinary canal (urethra) in men and from the cervix (cervix) in women.

Chlamydia Treatment Methods

Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. Your medications are given by your doctor. You should not stop your medication before the doctor’s recommended time. Your doctor may order retesting to determine if the infection is gone. In addition, partners need to be tested for chlamydia and treatment if necessary.

Chlamydia treatment does not protect against disease; therefore, it can be re-infected in case of sexual contact with the sick person.

If chlamydia isn’t treated, it can cause some problems:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease – PID (infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries)
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy (a risky pregnancy that develops in the fallopian tubes and is also called an ectopic pregnancy)
  • Epididymitis (inflammation of the sperm-carrying tube)
  • Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland)
  • Infertility
  • Reiter’s syndrome (reactive arthritis, a type of joint disease)
  • Early birth
  • Pneumonia and eye infections in newborns

Ways of Protection

If sexual intercourse is to be made, it is necessary to use protection methods.

  • Use a condom before any type of sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, and anal). Make sure that the condom is not torn and used correctly.
  • Talk to your partner about sexually transmitted infections.
  • Mutual monogamy reduces the risk.
  • If your partner has signs of a sexually transmitted infection (pain during urination, genital rash or warts), avoid sexual intercourse until you are treated.
  • Get tested for sexually transmitted infections when planning a pregnancy and while you are pregnant.

If you are having problems with your health, you should go to the doctor or call 911. If you want to know more about these, you should follow U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

 

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