Healthy Lifestyle

Headache-Symptoms and Reasons

Headache-Symptoms and Reasons

Headache Symptoms; Generally, all people have experienced a headache at some time in their lives, albeit only once. Headache can affect a person’s quality of life depending on the severity. It can be seen that most people with severe headaches have difficulty doing their daily chores.

Headache; It is known as a throbbing, compressive and distinctly disturbing condition in a certain part of the head. The headache may come on gradually or suddenly, for a few hours or a few days.

When Should You Consult a Doctor?

In some cases, headaches can be a symptom of life-threatening diseases such as meningitis, stroke, encephalitis, and COVID-19.

If you are experiencing a sudden or increasing headache for the first time in your life and the headache is accompanied by any of the following, you should go to a hospital’s emergency department as soon as possible or call 911.

  • Confusion or trouble understanding speech
  • Fainting
  • High fever, higher than 39-40 ° C
  • Numbness, weakness on one side of your body
  • Defect of vision
  • Speech impairment
  • Instability in walking
  • Nausea or vomiting (unless clearly attributed to flu or any other cause)

Headaches Are Two Groups

There is no other disease other than headache in primary and functional headaches. It includes tension headache, migraine, neuralgic headache, and cluster headaches.

The secondary group includes headaches that occur as a symptom of other diseases. It occurs for reasons such as acute sinusitis, dental problems, ear infections, flu, glaucoma, cerebral vascular disorders, benign or malignant brain tumors, hypertension, and head trauma.

Voltage Type Headache

This is the most common type of headache. This is not due to any other disease and the cause is unknown. There is no damage to the brain and neurological findings are not visible. A tension headache causes a feeling of pressure as if there was a band around the head.

This pain is felt mild to moderate. It manifests itself primarily as weight and pressure. Stress, insomnia, and the work environment can trigger pain.

Migraine Type Headache

Migraine is usually a severe form of headache. Symptoms that distinguish migraine from other headaches are:

  • It comes in seizures and may have precursor symptoms called ‘aura’ at the beginning,
  • Pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting,
  • It can cover half or all of the head,
  • It may be very rare or may come several times a week.

Cluster Type

It is mostly seen in the spring and autumn seasons. Headaches occur as very severe, usually unilateral pains that can last 30-45 days.

Neuralgic Type

The pain experienced by the person in neuralgic pain; He describes it as a sudden electric shock or the sting of something.

It may develop due to various reasons such as increased sensitivity of nerve endings, cold effect, circulatory disorders, caffeine and nicotine effects, and excitatory neurotransmitter substances in the central nervous system.

Among these, the most common cause is known as exposure to cold.

What are the Causes of Headache?

Headache should often be evaluated with accompanying findings. These are seen as nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and vomiting. While many headaches do not result from serious illnesses, life-threatening situations that require immediate intervention may occur in some cases. A neurologist will assist you in determining possible causes and appropriate treatment.

Headache Symptoms

Voltage Type

  • Headache with a feeling of fullness in the head,
  • Pressure sensation in the forehead or temples,
  • Tenderness in the scalp, neck and shoulder muscles
  • Sensitivity to light and sound (Not as severe as in migraine.)
  • In tension headache, nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances are not found as in migraine.
  • Physical activities do not affect the pain in tension headaches, the opposite can be good.

Headache Symptoms Migraine Type

Prodrome

1 or 2 days before Headache Symptoms, patients may notice minor changes warning for the upcoming migraine attack:

  • Constipation
  • Mood changes, pessimism, restlessness;
  • Desire to eat
  • Stiff neck
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Frequent yawning

Aura

Sensory changes experienced before the migraine attack begins:

  • Weakness in feeling of touch (sensory),
  • Speech disorder
  • Vision disturbances,
  • Numbness or tingling.

Headache Symptoms Attack

Migraine attacks can last from 4 to 72 hours. Attacks may be rare or may occur several times a week or a month. During the migraine attack patients;

  • Throbbing heartbeat,
  • Nausea – vomiting,
  • Light – excessive feeling of sound and even touch,
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • In some cases, he may faint.

If you want to know more about these, you should follow U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

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