Diabetic peripheral neuropathies, also known as diabetic neuropathy or diabetic neuropathy, is an illness in which nerves from the peripheral body organs and muscles become damaged. The result is the loss of sensation or control of your body’s extremities and weakness.
In the United States alone there are over six million people suffering from neuropathy and it is expected that the number will double by 2020. Diabetes has become the leading cause of neuropathy in the United States.
Neuropathy can affect any part of the human body. It can be in the arms, legs, hands, or feet. It can be acute or chronic. It can be caused by trauma, poor nutrition, genetics, illness, or surgery.
Managing & Coping with Neuropathy
Neuropathy happens when a nerve cell is damaged and is no longer able to transmit its signal. When it becomes more damaged it becomes a stump and is no longer able to perform its duties.
The condition of neuropathy is caused by damage to the cells that are responsible for transmitting the brain’s signals to the peripheral organs. The damaged cells die, but the healthy cells may not be able to replace them quickly enough.
The main symptom of diabetic peripheral neuropathy is the inability of the affected person to control his or her body movements. Some people lose the ability to walk or to use their hands. There may be pain or swelling in the affected area.
Neuropathy can occur for years before it becomes apparent. Once the symptoms begin to appear though, they may be harder to reverse.
There are a Variety of Treatments Available to Treat Neuropathy
They are usually made up of drugs and physical therapy.
Common treatments include the use of a pump to supply the patient with extra blood. Another type of treatment uses electrical stimulation. Both of these treatments are expensive and have risks associated with them.
If diabetes is not controlled, neuro-pathy in diabetic patients may become severe. This is known as neuropathy secondary to diabetes. With neuropathy secondary to diabetes, the nerve cells in the affected areas have already begun to die.
Surgery may be used to repair the nerve roots. Other medications may be used to slow the rate at which the nerve cell dies.
Surgical procedures can be done for either one or more of the nerve roots. These include the amputation. or nerve root blocks.
Nerve blocks are injections that block the nerve signals to the nerve cells. These injections temporarily paralyze the affected nerve. Then, the nerve will continue to function normally. After that, the person can take medications.
Treatments for Peripheral Neuropathy
Treatments for peripheral neuropathy are available to all types of diabetics. No matter what type of neuropathy you have there is a treatment available. All patients can benefit from medication to control their glucose level and to improve their overall health. Even though treatment for diabetes may cause nerve damage, there are ways to prevent it.
Patients should also know that the damage is not always irreversible. The nerves can grow back over time and new nerve growth can be achieved, but often these nerves are damaged or so damaged that they fail to produce enough of the nerve nutrients to support the nerve’s activity.
If these nutrients are not supplied they can begin to die, which causes them to be damaged and eventually die. Some of these nutrients can also be removed from the body through surgery. Sometimes, however, these nutrients can be replaced.
Because nerve damage can occur at any age, this disease is sometimes brought on by age. Some cases of diabetic neuropathy may occur in people with no symptoms until late in life.
Neuropathy is a progressive disease and cannot be cured, but it is not fatal. When this disease is diagnosed early, it can be treated with medication and lifestyle changes that will help those who have it lead a normal life.