Whooping cough is a rapidly developing contagious respiratory infectious disease. It can be seen at any age, but whooping cough in babies under 1 year old can cause serious health problems.
Four-year-olds and adolescents, as well as adults living with or working for young children, need additional doses.
The disease occurs when the throat area becomes infected with bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. It starts as an upper respiratory tract infection and usually low fever, chills and cough are seen. Then, it progresses with severe coughing attacks.
The severity of the disease depends on the age of the child. If it is transmitted at an early age, the disease progresses slowly and can cause serious problems. Whooping cough is a serious condition that can cause a risk of pneumonia and inflammation of the brain.
How Is Whooping Cough Transmitted?
Whooping cough infection is transmitted through droplets. When people who carry the virus cough or sneeze, the bacteria get into the air and spread to other people by respiration. Its contagiousness is higher when the diagnosis of pertussis is not finalized.
Although its contagiousness is less in the second period, there is still a risk. The vaccine does not provide lifelong protection against pertussis, and protection is sometimes lacking. For these reasons, babies should be kept away from coughing and sick people.
When people who are not protected by vaccination meet a person with pertussis, the risk of getting the disease reaches 50 percent. Those who share a home with a pertussis patient are particularly at risk.
If left untreated, a person with pertussis can pass the disease on to others for up to three weeks after the cough begins. The time between exposure and becoming sick is usually seven to ten days; however, this period can be up to three weeks.
Whooping cough is manifested by upper respiratory tract infection. The incubation period is 5-21 days. The first stage is called catarrhal stage, it is in the form of upper respiratory tract infection and lasts for 1-2 weeks. Initial symptoms are in the form of a cold. These;
- Usually low fever
- Runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Dry cough
- Light fever
Although precautions are taken with drugs such as nasal drops and antipyretics for upper respiratory tract infection, a new period with severe cough usually begins after the second week:
Severe coughing attacks (paroxysmal phase): It lasts 2-4 weeks. It begins with prolonged bouts of severe coughing and may include deep breathing and wheezing. It usually comes at night. It consists of coughs that follow one after the other and can result in vomiting.
Whooping cough can be very serious in young children. During coughing attacks, the child may become bruised, breathing may stop and seizures.
Bleeding inside the eye may occur due to the strain from intense coughing. There is also a possibility that the brain may be deprived of oxygen due to prolonged coughing attacks. Symptoms in the paroxysm phase can be a severe process that affects the child’s life. Therefore, newborns should remain under observation.
How to stop whooping cough naturally
Whooping cough requires intensive treatment in newborns and must be treated in hospital. This is because the baby’s breathing stops and the brain is damaged due to the coughing attacks.
At other ages, antibiotic treatment is applied and the patient is followed up.
Breath-enhancing vapor medicines are given in severe coughing attacks. It is important to take plenty of fluids, rest, and keep the airways open. Pain relievers can be taken. Cough medicines are not effective in children and should not be used.
The main purpose of the drug used in the treatment is to prevent the contagiousness of the disease. Antibiotics used in the treatment can reduce or eliminate contagion 5 days after starting to use. When the person is not treated with antibiotics, contagion can last up to 20 days.
Breath-enhancing vapor medicines are given in severe coughing attacks.
You should use them for Natural Treatment;
- Bone Broth
- Licorice Root
If you want to know more about these, you should follow U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.