- 1 General Description
- 1.1 Prevention of Oral Cancer
- 1.2 Oral Cancer Risk Factors
- 1.3 Having a family history of cancer
- 1.4 How to Do an Oral Cancer Screening?
- 1.5 Oral Cancer Signs
- 1.6 How To Do An Oral Cancer Screening?
- 1.7 Can Oral Cancer Kill You?
- 1.8 Treatment Methods
- 1.9 How to Check for Oral Cancer at Home?
Oral cancer is 2 times more common in men than in women. In order for cancer to be diagnosed early, you should be examined by a doctor and dentist regularly.
Mouth cancer; It covers cancers that occur in the mouth, mostly the lower lip, behind the larynx, tonsils, or salivary glands. The most common regions; the base of the mouth and tongue. Almost all of them; It arises from multilayered squamous epithelium (squamous) cells from the mucous membrane covering the mouth, tongue, and lips. Cancers fall under the specialty of Ear-Nose-Throat and Head-Neck surgeons.
Prevention of Oral Cancer
- Avoiding cancer-causing substances such as cigarettes and alcohol,
- To undergo regular doctor and dentist examinations,
- Treat teeth and prostheses that may cause scarring if present in the mouth.
Oral Cancer Risk Factors
There is no clear scientific explanation as to how mouth cancers are seen in some people with similar lifestyles and not others. However, a well-known issue is that it is not contagious. So a person cannot get cancer from another person! However, studies show that some factors are effective in cancer formation.
It is the leading cause of almost all oral cancer. The risk is very high for long-term and heavy users of tobacco and tobacco products. The risk of oral cancer increases even more in this type of heavy drinker who also has a habit of alcohol. 90 percent of mouth cancers occur in tobacco users.
It is known that drinkers encounter it more often than non-smokers. The risk increases in direct proportion to the abundance of alcohol intake.
Sun Rays: It has an important share in lip cancers as in all skin cancers. Especially in smokers, its importance is increasing.
Having a family history of cancer
If you have a family history of cancer and malnutrition, poor living conditions and health problems increase your risk. If you have been treated for head and neck cancer before and continue to smoke, your risk of disease increases.
In the presence of broken mouth, sharp-edged prosthesis, or chronic wounds caused by teeth, and especially in people who continue to smoke, the risk of oral cancers is quite high.
How to Do an Oral Cancer Screening?
Oral Cancer Signs
It occurs as white, red, and white spots and sores in the mouth and on the lips. White spots are called ‘leukoplakia’ and are lesions that can show the malignant transformation. Red and white spots are called ‘erythroleukoplakia’ and have a higher risk of becoming cancerous.
- Sores in the mouth and lips that do not heal
- Recurrent bleeding wounds
- Unreasonable tooth loss
- Difficulty swallowing
- Swelling or mass in the neck
- Pain on the ear
How To Do An Oral Cancer Screening?
As in all cancers, early diagnosis is of vital importance in the treatment of oral and lip cancers. In order for cancer to be diagnosed at an early stage, it is useful to have regular doctor and dentist check-up examinations.
During the examination, the doctor; If he sees a suspicious wound or swelling in the mouth, tongue, cheeks, gum, or floor of the mouth and lips, the doctor wants to do a biopsy.
To make a treatment plan; Radiological examinations such as direct graphs, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic examinations, and laboratory tests are required. When oral cavity cancers are diagnosed early, 90 percent recovery is achieved.
Can Oral Cancer Kill You?
If not diagnosed early, oral cancer may require surgery, radiation therapy, and / or chemotherapy. Although the survival rate for a total of five years is 50 percent, it can also be fatal.
Chemotherapy, also known as medicated cancer therapy, uses drugs that prevent the proliferation of cancer cells. Doctors sometimes use it in combination with surgery and radiotherapy.. The drugs used in chemotherapy have various side effects. However, it can have negative effects on the liver and kidneys, albeit temporarily.
How to Check for Oral Cancer at Home?
If you are having problems with your health, you should go to the doctor or call 911. If you want to know more about these, you should follow U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.