Caisson Disease, also called typhoid fever, is an infectious disease caused by parasites that live on the outside of the body. The name derives from the area where it is most common: the nose. Common carriers of this disease typically have no clear signs or symptoms, which means they can slip through the system undetected for years. Some people can develop symptoms and become ill only if they are exposed to the infection. Others do not show any symptoms and only develop the disease when they become sick.
Caisson Disease Test
There is no specific medical test for this disease. Physicians usually diagnose the disease based on the result of a physical exam and blood tests. These usually include antibody titer to specific strains of Streptococcus Pyogenes and Coeliac disease (coeliac sprue). Blood tests can also be performed to measure cellular levels of immunoglobulin G and eosinophils, which usually mark the beginning of intestinal candidiasis. If the levels are high, doctors usually diagnose a mild case of the disorder.
A caisson muscle relaxes in the nasal passages and enables mucus to drain, trapping food particles and moisture, which moisten the air in the nose. If this muscle relaxes without normalization, however, it causes swelling and infection of the sinuses. This condition can result in a runny nose, postnasal drip, swollen glands in the face, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of being congested. Sometimes, particularly in children, the tonsils, larynx, and pharynx may also become enlarged. This may result in hoarseness, loss of voice quality, and coughing.
Treatment of Caisson Disease
Treatment of Caisson Disease usually starts with a diagnosis of the disease and the medical history of the family. The possibility of other symptoms should be ruled out. Treatment normally involves an antibiotic and antihistamine medication, given to the patient either in pill form or as an injection. In extremely serious cases, steroids may be prescribed. If the disease is caught early enough, caisson disease can be prevented.
There are a number of home remedies that are useful in the treatment of caisson disease. One of the most effective methods is to clean the nose thoroughly with salt water and dry the nasal tissues. This will help to alleviate some of the symptoms associated with the disease, including the swelling and pain in the nasal area. Another home remedy suggested is to drink lots of fluids, particularly water, to reduce the amount of congestion. It is also advised that individuals wearing headgear avoid lying down immediately after scratching their heads, as the headgear can easily rub against the throat, causing further symptoms.
While caisson disease is relatively rare, it does occur, and those who have been diagnosed with it should seek medical attention. One of the first steps would be to make sure there is no damage to the lungs. Next, the doctor may want to perform a biopsy, looking for abnormalities or any problems with the heart or the kidneys. Treatment can involve some simple lifestyle changes, which are often recommended as a preventative measure. These include quitting smoking and reducing one’s alcohol consumption. In more severe cases, patients are advised to avoid swimming for at least three months and to avoid using any pool facilities while they are sick.