The Disease of Kings
What is known as “the disease of kings”? Are you curious about the answer to this question? We searched for you. Isn’t it really interesting? The disease of kings.
Then it’s time to say what the sickness of kings is. The name of this disease is Gout. Gout is a disease that occurs as a result of increased uric acid formation in the body and inadequate excretion from the kidneys.
Gout, known as a disease of the rich; It is seen in people who have genetic predisposition and have a diet rich in protein because they are wealthy.
Hippocrates defined this disease as ‘disease of kings’ and ‘king of diseases’. Gout; It is seen in rich and talented people related to nutrition.
For example, this disease was seen in most of the members of the Medici family who lived in Florence, brought this region to the top in artistic terms and ruled here for centuries. It is even said that Pierro de Medici, a member of this family, died of gout and his nickname was “Gut Pierro“.
Apart from this, it is known that Newton, Darwin, Benjamin Franklin and many Ottoman sultans suffered from gout.
If you are a man between the ages of 30-45, you may have gout, or if you are a woman, you may have a “disease of the kings” after menopause.
The Disease Of The Kings What Is Gout?
It is a rheumatic disease and the one that causes the most severe pain among rheumatic diseases. It most often catches the big toe. Then, in order of frequency, knees, elbows, and wrists are caught.
If you have gout, the pain in your joints can be severe enough to wake you up at night. In addition, the formed urate crystals accumulate in the kidney and cause kidney stones and damage to your kidneys.
What are the Symptoms?
There may be severe pain, swelling, and a purple-red discoloration in your joints. Your pain can strain you. This situation may take 1-2 days. Meanwhile, your fever may also rise. You will not want to wear shoes or socks because of the pain.
How is it Treated?
The goal of treatment is to prevent joint deformities and kidney failure. Anti rheumatic drugs are preferred in the treatment of acute gout attacks. If it is insufficient, colchicine is given. Drugs that reduce the uric acid level in the blood are never used in crisis.
These types of medications are used to control high uric acid levels after a crisis. They are monitored closely because they can lead to gout attacks and kidney failure. Uric acid reducers are not recommended over the age of 60. Rest is required for the first few days when pain and swelling are active. In prolonged cases, a protective cage for the big toe is useful.
What Should We Do?
You should stay away from purine foods. In this sense, you should not consume meat products and legumes. Reduce your alcohol consumption. Take control of your hypertension and sugar. If you are fat, you should lose weight. Do not neglect to look at our diet lists in this regard. But don’t go on an exaggerated diet. Stay away from stress.